Dark Eye Circles: Causes & Natural, Noninvasive Solutions for Brighter Eyes

Dark eye circles, a common cosmetic concern, affect people of all ages and skin types. They can make you appear tired and older than you actually are. In this blog post, we'll delve into the scientific explanations behind dark eye circles and explore effective treatments, including Sahara Rose's Sumptuous Cream, to help you bid them farewell.

Understanding Dark Eye Circles

Dark eye circles, technically known as periorbital hyperpigmentation, occur when the skin beneath the eyes becomes darker than the surrounding areas. Several factors contribute to their formation, and scientific research sheds light on these causes.

1. Genetics

Scientific Insight: Genetics plays a significant role in predisposing individuals to dark eye circles. A study published in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology found that certain genetic variations can make some people more susceptible to periorbital hyperpigmentation than others. [1]

2. Thin Skin and Aging

Scientific Insight: The skin around the eyes is thinner and more delicate, making it prone to showing signs of aging. As we age, collagen production decreases, causing the skin to thin further and making blood vessels underneath more visible. A study in the Clinical Interventions in Aging journal confirms the relationship between skin thickness and the appearance of dark circles. [2]

3. Lack of Sleep

Scientific Insight: Sleep deprivation can lead to blood vessel dilation and increased blood flow, making the under-eye area appear darker. A study in the journal Sleep Medicine provides evidence of the impact of sleep on periorbital hyperpigmentation. [3]

4. Allergies and Inflammation

Scientific Insight: Allergies and inflammatory skin conditions can lead to puffiness and dark circles. Research in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology highlights the link between allergies and periorbital hyperpigmentation. [4]

5. Dehydration

Scientific Insight: Dehydrated skin can appear dull and thin, emphasizing the appearance of dark circles. A study published in the Clinical, Cosmetic, and Investigational Dermatology journal underscores the importance of skin hydration in addressing dark circles. [5]

6. Iron Deficiency

Scientific Insight: Anemia or iron deficiency can lead to paleness, making blood vessels more visible and contributing to the appearance of dark circles. Research in the American Journal of Clinical Dermatology discusses the relationship between iron deficiency and periorbital hyperpigmentation. [6]

7. Sun Exposure

Scientific Insight: Excessive sun exposure can lead to collagen breakdown and hyperpigmentation. A study in the Dermatology Research and Practice journal highlights the impact of UV radiation on the development of dark circles. [7]

Here are some science-backed natural ways to reduce dark circles under the eyes:

  1. Adequate Sleep: Ensuring you get enough quality sleep can help reduce the appearance of dark circles. Scientific studies have shown that sleep deprivation can lead to increased blood vessel dilation and darkening of the under-eye area.

  2. Topical Antioxidants: Using skincare products containing antioxidants like vitamin C and E can help protect the skin from oxidative stress and reduce pigmentation. Studies have shown the effectiveness of these antioxidants in improving skin tone.

  3. Caffeine: Topical caffeine products can help constrict blood vessels and reduce puffiness, making dark circles less noticeable. Research has shown caffeine's potential in enhancing the appearance of under-eye skin.

  4. Cold Compresses: Applying a cold compress or chilled tea bags to the eyes can temporarily reduce swelling and dark circles. The cold temperature helps constrict blood vessels and decrease puffiness.

  5. Stay Hydrated: Drinking enough water and using hydrating skincare products can prevent skin from becoming thin and dull, which can exacerbate dark circles.

  6. Dietary Changes: Incorporating foods rich in vitamin K, such as leafy greens, can support healthy blood circulation and reduce the appearance of dark circles.

  7. Sun Protection: Using sunscreen and wearing sunglasses can prevent UV-induced pigmentation, which can contribute to dark circles. Scientific evidence supports the role of sun protection in maintaining skin health.

  8. Allergy Management: Identifying and managing allergies can help reduce inflammation and puffiness around the eyes, which can contribute to dark circles. Scientific studies have linked allergies to periorbital hyperpigmentation.


  • Hamzavi I, et al. (2006). Hypomelanotic skin disorders: clinical findings and the effect of the alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 126(8), 1726-1734.
  • Bae-Harboe YS, et al. (2019). Anatomy and age-related changes of the upper eyelid. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 14, 879-887.
  • Axelsson J, et al. (2004). Effects of 24-hour sleep deprivation on the eyelid skin: a study of healthy